Moong (Green Gram) is one of the major legume crop of South and Southea’st Asia. Moong was first domesticated in India and it is a short duration crop’s and requires very less amount of inputs. Due to its high domestic & international demand, low cost of cultivation and drought-resistant properties, it is a prominent rotational crop among the smallholder farmers. The crop not only acts as a source of additional income to smallholder farmers but also increases the overall fertility of the soil. The best climatic conditions for Moong cultivation is warm humid and within a temperature range of 25° C to 35° C with moderate rainfall of 85 to 100 cm. Moong can be cultivated in a wide range of soils, from black cotton soil in North India to red laterite soil in South India and also in sandy soils of Rajasthan. The yield is best in well-drained loamy to sandy loamy soil. The Kharif crop is sown in June to July, and the Rabi crop in September or October. The spring crop is to be sown by 15 February and harvested by the middle of May. The summer crop is sown by 15 April. Moong is cultivated in the Kharif season in North India and Rabi season in South India.

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General introduction Moong

– India is the major producer of Moong. The total production of Moong in India is around 20-30 Lakh MT annually
– Major producer in India: Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Bihar
– Major global producers of Moong: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand
– Major exporter to India: Myanmar.

Uses – Moong (Green Gram)
– Moong is majorly used for human consumption.
– The key value of Moong lies in the relatively high protein content, essential amino acids, antioxidants and vital vitamins.
– Research shows that Moong beans have properties that reduces heart disease risks and also aid in digestion.

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Uses of wheat
– Staple food for Indians comsumed as hommade chapattis or Rotis using custom milled atta (whole wheat flour).
– Major ingredient in food like bread, crackers, biscuits, muesli, pancakes, pies etc.
– Raw Wheat can be germinated and dried creating malt, whic is used in alcoholic beverages.

Factors influencing the price
– Weather condition at Wheat production areas especially during sowing.
– Demand for Wheat from flour-mill industry.
– Government policies like Minimum Support Price (MSP), import duty.
– Demand-Supply and prices scenario of other competitive crops.
– Price movement of Wheat in international exchange (CBOT).
– International production of Wheat.


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