Moong (Green Gram) is one of the major legume crop of South and Southea’st Asia. Moong was first domesticated in India and it is a short duration crop’s and requires very less amount of inputs. Due to its high domestic & international demand, low cost of cultivation and drought-resistant properties, it is a prominent rotational crop among the smallholder farmers. The crop not only acts as a source of additional income to smallholder farmers but also increases the overall fertility of the soil. The best climatic conditions for Moong cultivation is warm humid and within a temperature range of 25° C to 35° C with moderate rainfall of 85 to 100 cm. Moong can be cultivated in a wide range of soils, from black cotton soil in North India to red laterite soil in South India and also in sandy soils of Rajasthan. The yield is best in well-drained loamy to sandy loamy soil. The Kharif crop is sown in June to July, and the Rabi crop in September or October. The spring crop is to be sown by 15 February and harvested by the middle of May. The summer crop is sown by 15 April. Moong is cultivated in the Kharif season in North India and Rabi season in South India.