Castor Oil (Ricinus Oil), is a non-volatile fatty oil obtained from the seeds of the castor bean (Ricinus communis) of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Castor Oil is the primary product obtained from Castor Seed. In terms of production, India is the largest producer of castor seed in the world, followed by China and Brazil and 30 other countries. Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh are three major castor-producing states in India. India, is also the largest exporter of Castor Oil in the world. India’s contribution is more than 90% of total global exports of Castor Oil. Its main trading partners in this specific sector are China, Europe, Thailand and Japan. Castor Oil is unique among all fats and in terms of its uniformity and consistency.
Castor oil and its derivatives have wide ranging applications in the manufacturing of soaps, lubricants, hydraulic and brake fluids, paints, dyes, coatings, inks, cold resistant plastics, waxes and polishes, nylon, pharmaceuticals and perfumes. It is also used for making bio-diesel.