Wheat is a cereal grain that belongs to the grass family of the genus Triticum A dry, one-seeded fruit named kernel is obtained from this spiky grass-like grain, which is ground to make flour and is consumed throughout the world as one of the most important staple food. It is the second-largest cereal grain consumed on earth. Wheat is important especially for making bread and other bakery products as it has got the maximum number of glutens as compared to any other grain. This crop is also grown as a forage crop for the livestock.
Wheat requires cooler weather and a good level of moisture in the early plantation period and once the grain is formed, it needs warmer weather to dry up. That is why the best-suited climate needed for the wheat crop to prosper is the temperate climate. In India, wheat is cultivated as a Rabi crop and it is planted in the month of October. It is harvested in the months of April and May.