Wheat is a cereal grain that belongs to the grass family of the genus Triticum A dry, one-seeded fruit named kernel is obtained from this spiky grass-like grain, which is ground to make flour and is consumed throughout the world as one of the most important staple food. It is the second-largest cereal grain consumed on earth. Wheat is important especially for making bread and other bakery products as it has got the maximum number of glutens as compared to any other grain.

This crop is also grown as a forague crop for the livestock.

Wheat requires cooler weather and a good level of moisture in the early platation period and once the grain is formed, it needs warmer weather to dry up. That is why the best-suited climate needed for the wheat crop to prosper is the temperate climate. In India, wheat is cultivated as a Rabi crop and it is planed in the month of October. It is harvested in the months of April and May.

Uses of wheat

  • Staple food for Indians comsumed as hommade chapattis or Rotis using custom milled atta (whole wheat flour).

  • Major ingredient in food like bread, crackers, biscuits, muesli, pancakes, pies etc.

  • Raw Wheat can be germinated and dried creating malt, whic is used in alcoholic beverages.

Factors influencing the price

  • Weather condition at Wheat production areas especially during sowing.

  • Demand for Wheat from flour-mill industry.

  • Government policies like Minimum Support Price (MSP), import duty.

  • Demand-Supply and prices scenario of other competitive crops.

  • Price movement of Wheat in international exchange (CBOT).

  • International production of Wheat.